Jewellery has been an indispensable part of the human culture. It has adorned the human race since time immemorial. For thousands and thousands of years, it was a form of expression, wealth and status. With the human evolution, the jewellery too went through evolution. Earlier flowers, shells, beads and bones were used to craft jewellery. As time moved, the metals were moulded and tamed with jewellery designs. Soon the technology evolved and more intricate designs gradually developed.
The evolution of jewellery can be broadly divided across three civilisations i.e. Egypt, India and China. The Egyptians laid a firm foundation for metallurgy, gem collecting, and glass manufacture. They were the trendsetters of unique fashion jewellery. On the other hand, Indians made jewellery an integral part of their daily life and religion. They were the first ones to devise and manage the art of gold. It is this unique skill set that became a driving force for the incredible expansion of European Civilisation during the Age of Discovery. China slowly focused on creating jewellery inspired by nature, animals and dragons, this gradually became popular across Asia making them pioneers of creativity.
The Timeline of Jewellery:
110.000 – 73.000 BC – Sea shells were used as Amulets. Traces of sea shell jewellery was found in Morocco, Israel, Algeria and South Africa.
38.000 BC – Beads crafted from animal remains was found in France.
28.000 BC – Fossilised shells and ivory beads discovered in the Czech Republic.
4400 BC – Thracian civilisation produced objects made from gold.
5000- 30 BC – This marked the era of copper jewellery. Glazed beads and critter jewellery became popular during this period. Gemstones like Amethyst, Turquoise, Carnelian, and Feldspar were used to craft the one-of-its-kind fashion jewellery.
2750 – 1200 BC – Ancient Mesopotamia produced jewellery inspired from grapes, cones and spirals. Gemstones like Agate, Jasper and Carnelian were used. Designer Jewellery Online
1400 – 30 BC – Greek jewellery was synonymous with fashion jewellery, as it was embedded with precious gems like the emeralds and was based on the animal and shell design.
500 BC – 400 AD – During this era the serpent jewellery came into existence. The Romans inherited seal rings, brooches, amulets and talismans that were etched with Sapphires, Emeralds, Garnets, and Diamonds.
400 – 1000 AD – In the European Dark Ages jewellery was inherited by the royals only.